The Arab-Israeli Conflict

Around the turn of the 19th Century, pogroms in Russia and widespread anti-semitism led Theodore Herzl to publish “The Jewish State”, highlighting the necessity for a Jewish homeland in Palestine. At first, documents such as the Faisal-Weizmann agreement seemed to indicate a smooth integration of the Jewish people into Palestine. However, Britain’s carefully worded Balfour Declaration hinted at possible tension between the Arabs and the Jews. Over time, this was supported by the findings of the King Crane Commission, and Britain's inability to control the tension between the two groups. After WWII and the Holocaust, immigration to Israel skyrocketed, and consequently, so did the disagreement between the two ethnic groups. When Britain pulled out on May 15, 1948, Israel declared itself a state and prompted the attack of 4 neighboring Arab countries. Within months hundred of thousands of Palestinian Arabs were displaced, many never to see their homes again. For the next 30 years, until the Treaty of Washington in 1979 with Egypt, there would be no peace, only ceasefires, as Israel and neighboring Arab states butted heads a multitude of times, with Israel proving its military superiority time and again. In 1964, the Arab League created the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in an attempt to establish an official state of Palestine. However, the PLO has yet to achieve this goal, and the Palestine-Israel conflict goes largely unresolved.

Summary by Tristan Greathouse, April 2015. 

Unit 5 - Arab-Israeli Conflict

World History: The Modern Era, s.v. "Dome of the Rock atop Temple Mount in Jerusalem,"
Image, Corel, accessed August 14, 2013.

Art by Brandy Gale, January, 2016.